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Hi and welcome to OrganBench, and thanks so much for stopping by.


Well over a half million people have visited and derived benefit from this web site since its inception.  Please don't make the mistake of under-estimating it.  The instruction to be found here is the product of a lifetime, it will be eye-opening even for seasoned organists, and it can assist every visitor to discover and rediscover the endless joy of playing the King of Instruments. 






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  The blog/archive page will display the 5 most recent postings in a vertical array.  Scroll to the very bottom of the screen, then click the word "Overview."  Scroll through the list of topics which appear, find one of interest, then click it.  Visiting the archive is to take a pleasant stroll through a museum taking in over 500 displays, each one dealing with some aspect of the organ-playing art.

Whether your interest is with church music, recital material, fraternal organ playing, teaching, personal study of registration, harmony, or writing music for the organ, or would just appreciate knowing where to send that new organist you know to a place where some solid guidance and coaching can be found, something helpful can be found here.

The pipe organ offers more orchestration possibilities than any other musical instrument in the classical world.  It has a greater range and can play louder than the united forces of the grand orchestra.

Having the RIGHT KIND of teacher is critically important.

This means more than a proficient performer who offers lessons -- it means someone who understands the teaching process and what never to say or do which could risk destroying the student's interest -- someone who can analyze each student's physicality as an individual and develop the student's awareness of it -- someone who can tell them how to move their hands and feet and set their bench to accomodate the natural facility they were given -- someone who can provide constructive advice about balancing ease and tension, how to play the building along with the instrument, see to it that the foundations of playing are set in place, advise the student how to hone that around, do some different things, and add in new concepts all the while being mindful of habits to establish to counteract one that must be eliminated to progress to the next level -- and, someone who can explain why such a correction is important.

  Method books, instructional videos, and web sites can be very helpful tools, but the right kind of teacher is needed to customize each student's training, praise what's praiseworthy, determine any issues and provide remedies for those issues, and provide guidance and encouragement for attaining their goals, otherwise a great deal of productive time will escape, certain bad habits and self-made hurdles can continue, and forward progress can reach a plateau and get stalled there, tricking students into thinking they've attained all they can when that may not be the case at all.

The wrong conclusions made or remedy prescribed from a respected teacher has destroyed many an interest in playing a musical instrument.

Would-be performers come to the organ all wired differently, and there's no "one-size-fits-all" concept for playing, but a fair amount of informational learning about the foundations of playing, the path to mastery, and the right kind of thinking can be acquired away from the organ's keys, and, for every performer, some of it MUST.

There are no exceptions.

Even for those organists who already can play well technically, there still may be much they can do to hone that around, to do some different things, and add in new concepts.

This web site has been created as a teaching tool to help impart an understanding of the skill sets involved in organ playing and how to develop them.

In developing the several mental and physical skills required for organ playing there's indeed an understanding, but it needs to be coupled with practice.  Sometimes we need to start that practicing without a complete understanding because, depending upon the skill we're trying to learn, that understanding comes only when we can do it.  The series of skills under consideration is rarely something that can be acquired immediately, and reading through this web site in a few evenings and simply understanding it still will not bring proficiency.  Even a little bit of practice at the keys every day will bring us further in less time.  If we try to learn it all at once we may wind up understanding how it's done but not be able to do it very well.

When we first think of the pipe organ we think of its power and uniqueness -- its ability, among other things, to create an almost incomputable number of combinations of tint for tone color.  Over 2 million combinations are possible even in a modest instrument of just 21 stops [See blog, Calculating Stop Combinations, Part II].  This is just one of its amazing characteristics.  We're talking here about a musical instrument which prior to the Industrial Revolution was, together with the clock, the most complicated piece of machinery in the world ... one which can sustain its notes indefinitely, whisper a barely audible phrase one moment and roar the next, and express the entire spectrum of human emotion at the touch of a key ... an instrument whose range exceeds that of a symphony orchestra and sounds like it's under the control of a symphony of players ... an instrument custom made for its building and whose magical play with the acoustics is unique to itself ... an instrument that has to be played differently in different buildings ... the one musical instrument that best leads congregational singing and whose sounds never fail to resonate in human ears and stir the emotions at a raw, visceral level.  No other musical instrument in the world works like this or can make these claims.

We also think of keeping it maintained, which isn't just a matter of donating to a noble project for that space exclusively; it's something more broad than that.  It's supporting great organ music which spans hundreds of years ... music will be heard by countless numbers of people indefinitely into the future ... music produced by more than pipes but also a myriad of mechanical parts which seem to coalesce into something far bigger than themselves.  Sitting at its keys, you get the sense that playing a real pneumatic pipe organ, large or small, isn't merely an esthetic experience; it isn't just something you do because you like it, but it's attached to something sublime, something profound.  The instrument to this day remains a mechanical wonder, and thanks to modern technology and expanded means of communication the person who plays it is transmitting an idea to the whole world which can take many shapes, both inside and outside the institution which owns it.

Bach's music also comes to mind.  Being composed of multiple moving lines the music of J.S. Bach is ideally suited to the organ, and some 300 years later it still forms the kernel of the standard organ repertoire.  In his day the organ was a huge deal.  It reached a golden age in the 17th and 18th centuries in northern Europe, and he, like all organists which came before or after him, responded in his music to the glories of the type of organ construction and design which prevailed in his region.  During Gothic times (c.1150-1450) instrument was exclusively loud, coarse, and noisy with no way to control the character of the sound or its loudness.  Every rank of pipes was on all the time at full blast.  But as the centuries passed it was made softer and less harsh in sound with the introduction of slider pallet wind chests and controls at the front of the case called "stops" which would either admit or "stop" air from entering one rank of pipes at a time depending upon whether the knob controlling the air to a particular rank was pulled out to admit the air or pushed in to shut it off. The organ is still known for its power ... and should be able to make a glorious racket.

Try to imagine being a near destitute beet farmer in the region of Thuringia, east-central Germany, during the summer of 1706.  All of your life you hear only the birds of the sky and the sounds of wind, storm, and rain, the barking of dogs, hammers on wood and iron, horses pulling plows and wagons, and shovels digging in the fields.  The closest thing you ever get to music is a rowdy chorus of untrained voices, mostly around spring and fall harvest time.  At some point in your simple life you find yourself traveling early one morning with your horse-drawn wagon carrying a load of beets to the market square in the city of Arnstadt.  You have an important reason for being there that day -- there are about 3,800 souls living in this town who depend upon people like you for their food.  Just off the market square is a large building called the New Church.  You remember it being rebuilt about 30 years ago while you were still a child after a devastating fire destroyed the original building many generations back.  As your wagon passes by the Church door you hear something riveting -- some powerful music is coming from the inside.  It's a haunting, terrible melody that fills your chest with something that you cannot describe:

Bach d minor T & F-1


The sound is so loud that it simply cannot be real.  The pipe organ creating all the noise is a device that you've heard stories about, but it's more impressive than you could ever guess.

At the time you have no clue that all the clamor from inside the building is being made by a musical genius only 20 years of age with the help of 2 young boys each working a tread bellows with their body weight.  The sound eventually fades and disappears as you leave the Church behind and encounter the low level din of the market square.  You go about the rest of your day minding your own business, never suspecting that you just overheard a young organist whose independent mastery is aleady evident -- that in a few short years he would go on to become the greatest organist in Germany -- that in centuries to come his very name would become a colossal syllable -- one which makes composers tremble, brings performers to their knees, beatifies the Bach-lover, and settles once and for all who is the greatest composer, ever.  Indeed you mindfully go about your business, never guessing that you're rich beyond measure, that far into the future an innumerable company of musicians and composers, kings and paupers, princes and priests, musical scholars and connoisseurs of all nations and stripes, would have given ANYTHING up to a tenth of their kingdoms just to have ridden with you to the market square that day and heard with their own ears what YOU were blessed to hear. 


Likewise there must be many employed at various occupations today who might entertain learning how to play this instrument for their worship center, for the organizations they've joined, or just for their own amusement, maybe even offering up some sort of writing for it, but instead they're listening to their fears -- the fear of not knowing where to begin (or what to do once they do begin), the fear of being embarrassed for falling short of perfection, the fear of criticism, the fear of being laughed at, the fear of shame, the fear of failure, and on, and on, it goes.  They're simply yielding to a natural force within all of us -- that same voice inside our heads telling us, each and every time we think about beginning some new project that elevates us to a higher level of attainment educationally, ethically, physically, or spiritually, that we're insecure, to play it safe and back off, to be careful, to go slow, and to compromise our dream.

That same voice inside us is selfish, scared, lazy, tends to put jitters in every thought, and is not generous.  It's the same voice that causes people to freeze up when they're trying to perform.  It reasons with us like a lawyer and tells us we're wasting our time.  Then it goes for the throat, to kill our desire.  As we get closer to an insight, closer to the truth of what we really want, closer to realizing what we're envisioning, closer to finishing some creative project, closer to realizing our dream, this natural force is experienced as fear and grows to sabotage our success (author Steven Pressfield calls it "Resistance" ... author Seth Godin calls its home, where it lives inside us, "The Lizard Brain").

This voice has no power of its own.  It derives every ounce of its juice from fear.  Deny it the fear that fuels it, and it has no power.  This is so important for new organists or any other musicians to understand that I wouldn't even begin to take my next lesson, write a single note of original music, take the first steps in improvisation, or even perform in public until I had obtained a copy of The War Of Art by author Steven Pressfield [See blog, The Book, Part I] and begin reading it carefully and thoughtfully.  Pressfield's language in this book sometimes gets a little frisky, but there's no finer description of it in print.  Author Seth Godin devotes a chapter in his book Linchpin to the same subject [See blog, The Book, Part II].

NOTE:  Pressfield explains that a physical part of our human brain, 2 little prehistoric lumps called the amygdala near the brain stem, are responsible for this fear and are a primitive leftover from the early days when our ancestors needed them to help protect the body from the perils and dangers of the wild world.  Today, of course, we don't face these perils and dangers every day as our ancestors used to.  But this part of the limbic system in the human brain is still there, and our job is to figure out how to quiet it, to ignore it, but, even more importantly, to acknowledge its function where we can use it to guide and direct us, like the magnetic needle of a compass, to do the exact opposite of what our fears are telling us to do, which, for us, will be the creative work that matters [See blog, The Lizard Brain, Parts I-VIII].

Being creative, to want to make something that wasn't there before, is part of the human experience.  For anyone to say that they're not cut out to be creative would be ridiculous -- we're all creative.  It can seem otherwise only because some of us lose our battle with Resistance day to day and let it beat us.  This conceptual learning blog was created to help show, among other things, that, while we're all subject to this natural force, while every practitioner of creative activity wrestles with Resistance all day long, and while the peril or danger we sense with it isn't actually real, we can use it to remind ourselves, every day, of what it is we need to be doing and then do the very opposite of what Resistance is telling us. The hypercritical lizard brain will pick apart anything creative we try to do in order to preserve its own selfish sense of short-term safety.  The alternative is to develop a sense of loyalty to our mission and to slay this inner dragon anew, each and every day.

This blog offers emerging and seasoned organists something more valuable perhaps than even academic credentials might bring to the table.  It's a message of courage, of understanding, of positive thinking, of inspiration, and of experience from the bottom up, about one's impact on the world through their own creative powers and how someone can win against their fears and whatever other obstacles may be facing them in this study on their journey to achieving that success.

This is CRITICALLY IMPORTANT for all musicians to understand.

The original scores for organ found on this web site were composed primarily for use in worship, recitals, or for instruction and to help fill the needs of fraternal organizations.  In addition, and more importantly, they're examples -- they represent a blueprint of sorts for those who would entertain writing their own organ music.


Why is this important? ... because organists and other keyboard musicians are continually called upon to pair suitable music with the situation at hand and are expected to either already have this kind of material ready, know where to get it, or know how to create it.  Knowing about any resource, especially whole groups of pieces of this type which encourage and help lead the musician into a path of composing at the same time making a significant contribution to the arsenal of material that works for the musical situations which confront them, is of significant worth.  Some pointers are provided in the blog/archive about how to use an online music writing application to create, store, view, print, play back, and convert your original scores to PDF form for export to the documents file of your notebook PC.

When these scores are examined they leave the impression that they were composed by someone exposed to composition classes at the university level or had worked regularly at least part time as a paid professional musician.  That isn't where it is.  They were written by a retired health care provider who was never employed as a musician, never received a university education in music or a diploma from a music school, never tried composing anything before, and who, at the time, was recuperating from multiple major surgeries and not in the best of health.  He simply found out how to win against his fears by reading Pressfield and Godin, studied and studied from books and musical scores, listened and listened to the recordings of master technicians, obtained a music-writing computer application, and had the guts to

give it a try.

Once you make up your mind as a new organist that you're going to try your hand at creating something like this out of nothing and begin to acknowledge the function of your fear to lead you in the very direction that it's telling you to avoid at all costs, you've found the key that unlocks your success.  You don't have to be rich or come from an advantaged background.  This is a craft which can be learned -- just like J.S. Bach learned it -- no matter how old you may be -- no matter how health issues may have slowed you down -- no matter what others may think or say or how it may look to them.  You just need to be as doggedly determined and persistent as he was, work with it a little bit at a time, take the mental position that you're going to wade into it even though it's unchartered territory, realize that it won't bite you and that no one's life is at stake, remain resolute about it, and press forward knowing that the fear you're sensing in your mind is a good thing because it shows you that you're on to something.

Bottom line: it's far more a matter of attitude than of innate ability.  Fear of composing, like fear of performing, is irrational, but the source is the same.  Nothing is so inhibiting to a composer or performer at the organ than the idea that everything that springs from his or her pen or that emerges from the instrument under their fingers and feet has to be brilliant.  That idea is false -- and what fuels that idea is FEAR.




We're far off the mark if we buy into the notion that composition and improvisation are only for professional composers and graduates of music schools.  If you're looking for evidence of this, then all the proof you need are the FREE scores posted on this blog.

Your own work will take shape in less time than you think once you start working with music writing software.  Each of these scores was written inside 10 consecutive days and many of them in half that time.  From this you can begin to draw substantial encouragement for yourself, whether you have a college diploma in music or not, even if your physical health is guarded and isn't the best, to do the same or better as you begin to express what's within you, to begin to release and feed all those things that you never knew were there, and to benefit, grow, and progress in your own writing for this, the most awesome musical instrument on the face of this earth.

The most inherent quality we humans possess is our creativity ... our ability to produce or bring into existence something entirely new out of nothing, through imaginative skill.  The moment that we decide to do the opposite of what Resistance is telling us and we just sit down and start working is the moment that we're struck with inspiration.  Pablo Picasso was so right in observing that inspiration comes, but it has to find us working.  This is when the windows of heaven, where creation has its home, seem to open.

The simple act of sitting down to work with our laptop trying to write some music triggers a mysterious process which seems to sprinkle a dash of creativity from the timeless sphere above where creativity has its home, in much the same way that creative ideas came to those struggling 11th century monks and every other composer since then who had the courage to simply start working.  It's then that ideas come, it's then that insights accrete, and it's then that people apply the term "inspiration."  The creative artist however feels more like the conduit doing the dictation, so to speak, to bring these ideas and insights into existence in this material sphere.

While some might not share a belief in a higher intelligence, the process just described is undeniable and tends to explain why a goodly number, if not most, practitioners of the creative arts, after a period of production more or less prolonged, begin to feel like they don't know diddly.  They begin to sense the existence of a higher intelligence in a timeless sphere of existence which communicates with this time-bound one -- a higher intelligence which desires this kind of creative communication with us -- a communication which makes it happy.

It's very true that Resistance, the Voice of the Lizard, is there every day, ever ready to derail the creative artist at every turn from starting anything new or finishing what they've already started.    

Imagine that you own a private jet plane parked at the airport.  You've just bought the aircraft, you love the idea of flying, and are seeking that higher level of attainment to be your own pilot.  Meanwhile the voice in your head is telling you that you're not a pilot and never will be, but you still have that dream ... it's in your heart.  One day you find yourself staring at this airplane of yours with a certain awe, wondering what it's like to sit at its controls and fly it.  The voice in your head keeps reminding you that you've spent your entire life up until now outside the field of aviation and that you need to compromise, play it safe, and back off.  You've got no particular flight plan or destination in mind, you don't know how much fuel it has, you don't even know if every instrument on the instrument panel is working, and you certainly don't know what kind of weather you're goint to run into.  Your fear is reasoning with you like a lawyer, telling you to play it safe, ease back, and just stay on the ground.

Instead, you decide to use that fear of yours to guide you in the direction that's important to the growth of your soul.  Instead of yielding to the winds of fear blowing in your face, you decide to head directly into it.  You take a 180 degree turn in attitude and climb into the cockpit.  You turn the key.  You start the engines.  You taxi that aircraft of yours down to the end of the runway.  You look up the runway with Resistance screaming in your ears that you don't have what it takes, but then you lean on the throttles.  You're picking up speed.  All of a sudden unseen forces come to your aid, and you find yourself airborne.  Pretty soon you're looking down at the tops of the clouds from a place where you never thought you could ever go.

You've drained Resistance, the voice of the lizard, of all of its juice by denying it the fear that fuels it.  You've beaten it at its own game and, in the process, realized your dream.

That's what it takes,

and that's what it's like,

to sit down and write your own music.

Sometimes, rarely, you start with a musical idea for a theme already in your head, but more typically that isn't how it works at all.  It doesn't happen by standing in the hangar staring up at our airplane, waiting for our fears and misgivings to disappear before we take action.  No, the vast majority of the time we get our musical ideas only after we sit down and start working ... only after we've started our engines, taxied to the end of the runway, and leaned on the throttles.  It doesn't matter if you're writing a novel, drawing a picture, painting a landscape, sculpting a statue, choreographing a dance, arranging flowers, or composing a symphony ... every creative endeavor like this is subject to this same mysterious process.  To think you have to start working before you get an idea for what you're going to turn out, but that's exactly how it works.  Every score posted on this blog was written this way ... You don't wait for lightning to strike, you just get to work, and then, inspiration comes.  Inspiration has to see us working before it alights on our shoulder.  We don't create these ideas; we catch them -- as we're working.


Friends, don't let any of this intimidate you.  No matter what your level of skill, even if that musical instrument that captures your fascination isn't the organ, you can gradually learn how to play it and even learn how to compose for it.  You can also learn how to improvise, and the results, no matter how elaborate, will be something more solid and well-crafted than you ever thought.  You can train your brain to sight read the printed page.  You can train yourself to perform whatever in the repertoire suits your fancy.  You can even learn how to lead hymn singing.  All of these things are within your grasp because every one of them can be learned.

Don't be afraid of trying.  Whatever that dream of yours is, don't be afraid to follow it.  Doubt kills more dreams than failure ever will.

The worst mistake anyone can make with this or any other creative artistic endeavor ...

is being too afraid to make one.









MY FRIENDS, at the risk of sounding like a "Dutch uncle," no one who has ever walked through a vast field of blooms has ever failed to find some blossom at their feet that captured their fascination.
No one on the face of this earth is too old to make that walk ... or too lame to make it again, whether assisted or unassisted.
If you've ever tried playing a keyboard of any kind, even at the earliest novice level -- then never ever ... repeat NEVER ... give up playing it ... or if you have, it's time to rethink it.
No one should ever give up on anything worthwhile that they can't go one day without thinking about.
Allow yourself to be a learner, don't EVER feel overwhelmed, read this message completely through, and believe in yourself.
All you need are the right tools -- and a little practice.
NO ONE -- not even J.S. Bach -- ever started off being excellent at ANYTHING.

LISTEN TO ME: During my junior year of high school and all through the following summer I received private organ study outside my school district with a wonderful teacher at a church about a half hour from my home.
This man was the third of five remarkable musicians with whom it was my privilege to study Organ privately; his name was Henri DeKeersgieter, and he had been one of the most talented piano pupils of Dr. Leo Sirota at the St. Louis Institute of Music, an institution and building which, sadly, no longer exists.
For Henri difficulties at the piano did not exist; he was remarkably gifted -- musically, physically, educationally, and temperamentally -- to excel as a keyboard musician; he was a large person with stocky fingers well muscled from years and years of piano playing; he also played the organ with astonishing precision, including the pedals without ever looking down; in addition, and perhaps even more importantly, he was a wonderful teacher who had a great sense of humor and yet had a serious side, a man who rightly commanded the respect of his peers and yet could be very forgiving, understanding, and encouraging to a student on any level of development -- a truly phenomenal teacher, friend, and mentor.
Besides all of that, he was one of the kindest and most generous human beings anyone could ever be blessed to meet; just knowing this man was enough to illuminate an existence.
It was thus a privilege on top of many privileges, to study the organ with him, but his example taught his students more than music; his students learned from him what it means to be a friend, what it means to be a mentor, and how to define each.
A friend -- cares about you for the way you are.
A mentor -- cares about you too much to leave you the way you are.

AS MY FINAL YEAR of high school was fast approaching I explained to him that I was needing to curtail my organ lessons with him for a time in order to concentrate on my senior year to have the best chance of being accepted to college.
I added however that it was something I didn't want to do and fully expected to resume my lessons with him after I started college, presuming I was accepted.
He said he understood, and, I remember him standing in the door of the sacristy as I was leaving my lesson, and he asked me then to promise him something -- that I would never give up playing.
I agreed to this, of course, as I could not do otherwise.
He then asked me twice more, with an ever widening smile on his face each time -- "... D'you promise? ... "
Each time I answered in the affirmative, the last time loudly raising my voice -- "YES HENRI, I PROMISE !!"
He laughed; we both laughed together.
I then thanked him, as I always did upon leaving, and departed from the church.
I never realized then -- that this would be the last time I would every lay eyes on him.

A LITTLE OVER a year passed, I finished high school in the top 10 per cent of my class, and, having done well enough as a senior, I was accepted to college; I then tried to contact Henri at his phone number without success.
Upon inquiring at his place of employment I was given the news that, to my great sorrow, he had passed away suddenly a few months earlier, having succumbed to cancer, and he was gone.
He was a mere 25 years old when this kind and incredible talent left this world; there were no surviving children, and his young widow, I was told, had moved away and left no forwarding address or phone number; there was thus no way to offer my sympathies or pay my respects to anyone in the family.
This man had been beautifully kind to me -- the foundations of my playing were set in place largely due to him.
He was rudely whisked away in the prime of his life ... I had no photo of him, nothing else to remember his by, save for my lessons with him -- there's no telling when a teacher's influence will ever end.
Only his memory remained ...
Imagine how the shock of this news struck this young, eager-to-learn, 16-year-old boy -- all communication with his friend and mentor abruptly cut off without a trace ...
That boy, at that moment, felt crushed ... annihilated.
But, driven by a love for the instrument and the promise I had made to very dear teacher, in spite of tremendous discouragement, I never gave up.
I couldn't ... I had promised -- given my word -- to Henri.
That was 54 years ago; since then I've had to endure many hardships and overcome many obstacles on the road to learning that could have easily destroyed the strongest interest to keep at it.
But today -- you can bet your last penny that this same student of his will never ever, repeat NEVER, give up playing, no matter what.
And neither should you.

Being an organist is not something you choose; it chooses you.
And when it does, all you can do is hang on for the ride of your life.

AN OLD MAN who was very wise once said, "If a thing cannot go on forever, it will stop."
No matter how long we're privileged to live this life, we all have a stopping point.
Time and good health are therefore finite resources that should be administered wisely.
If you're not well physically, then see that you get the best medical care you can, follow your doctor's orders, take your medicines at the right time, get enough rest, get the right kind of nutrition, be patient during your recuperation, take it one day at a time, flood your mind with anything fine and good and lasting and beautiful you can get your hands on, and, if you haven't already, get in touch with a Higher Power and connect.
If you're already well, then do everything you can to stay that way and keep up your strength.
Wear a hat and coat when you need to, avoid drafty surroundings, be sensible with what you eat, keep regular hours, give your body the sleep it needs, take vitamins (always with medical supervision), do what your health care professionals tell you to do, and get regular check-ups.

IF THIS SOUNDS like preaching it's only to drive home the point that playing the organ is a privilege not granted to everybody, and good health and keeping up your strength for your music making is important; two-thirds of the rest of the world is too undernourished to even play a musical instrument.
You can have the right shoes on your feet, the right glasses on your nose, the right sheet music on the rack, the right teacher at your side, even the right practice instrument in your home, and if you're too sick or weak or worn out to sit on the bench and practice, there's no play.

ANY TIME you find that you need remedial work at the keys to get some skill up to speed, whether it's sight reading, transposition, improvisation, repertoire, hymn playing, accompanying, or simply technique, or maybe there's some aspect of harmony or pure theory that seems too hard to understand, composition is a mystery that you just can't figure out, and your time and strength is limited, don't push yourself too much at this stage.
Take frequent breaks; try another presentation of the same material, read it from a different book, consult web sites (including this one) for help, talk to a real teacher, have your questions answered by someone who can explain it, and give yourself time to let it soak in, to absorb it at your own pace.
Try it out at the keys, get your notebook PC set up to write music on line, set up a printer and download and study from the internet what you'd like to learn, give yourself some time and experience with it, be patient with yourself and don't be too too hard on yourself.
Remember that learning is always a work in progress and relax. Bob Ross (See below) was so right when he said, "You can do it, all you've got to do is just practice a little and believe in yourself.

CHOICE of repertoire for study is important, especially for the work-a-day organist.
Since there is much easy organ music, with and without a pedal part, that people enjoy hearing, some good advice would be to work on pieces that sound hard but are easier to learn and play rather than those pieces that sound easy but are fiendishly difficult.
The mind is the chief culprit with most playing problems -- people have given up playing in times past for reasons of insufficient talent when, upon closer inspection, it's clear that the problem was dysfunctional learning, i.e. the mode of study, or the lack thereof.
Everything in organ playing is balance, and selection of repertoire for study is a balance between what we can easily handle at our current level of skills and what will stretch us to the next higher level of attainment without overwhelming us.
Someone may be known to you who has an incredible pedigree in terms of training and a recognized reputation as a concert organist, composer, improvisor, choir director, and/or recording artist, who can play extremely well, who may have held many major positions as an organist and presided over many important historic organs during their long and impressive career and whose repertoire may be extensive; that does not necessarily make them a great teacher, the right teacher for you, or an accurate judge of everything your Maker has put inside you to be developed.

TEACHING THE ORGAN involves, among other things, getting inside the student's head and discovering their individuality, bringing out the best to be found there, working with them in terms of their own interests and strengths, showing them how to adapt their playing to prevailing conditions, helping them in a broad minded way to find their own style of interpretation, not making them into an identical clone of their teacher but to help them through the technical details on their way to becoming their own teacher.
It includes identifying what the student is doing wrong, if anything, and then figuring out what in the blue blazes to do about it to be sure, but it's much more broad than that.
To do it well it has to be done very carefully and very respectfully, always ... ALWAYS ... dwelling upon what the student is doing right and how they're making it sound good before commenting on what could stand improvement.

ALL BARRIERS to mastery ought to be articulated in these pages, and so, listen carefully and get hold of this: Saving your dream alive may require you to miss an opportunity to study organ with someone you've asked to teach you -- at times it may even be necessary to stop taking lessons with that person in order for you to get your bearings.
The world is blessed with many accomplished, even inspiring, teachers who support the student in understanding the material, but there are also many teachers -- too many - who give weekly assignments (a common practice) without drawing out the student's latent capabilities; many were taught this way, and so they teach the same way; fear and anxiety (about not being stuffed with sufficient preconceived knowledge) are thus passed on, from generation to generation.
A student buried in assignments will feel overwhelmed.
And it will sink him.
The quality of a teacher may mean the difference between becoming a performer and not; some don't make it, precisely for this reason.
So we have this corollary: Never let the results of some wretched, unfair sight-reading test, someone else's pathetic ideas about teaching, or their bankrupt sense of investing in students who can carry on this art pulverize your dream by distancing you light years from it; the only way doubt can turn on you and destroy your interest in organ playing overnight is if you LET it.

IF FOR EXAMPLE the foundations of your playing are already well in place, and a new teacher with whom you'd like to study organ wants you to first learn all 30 Bach Inventions before accepting you as a pupil, doesn't have the time to teach it to you, and suggests that you study it with one of his other organ students until you're ready to study organ with him, it sounds reasonable on the surface, and the premise may be good, but it buries the student in assignments -- a scenario that, I'm sorry to say, has defeat built into it.
For starters, it becomes entirely up to the piano instructor where to begin this instruction and when it's permissible to move on to the next Invention, the next page, the next system, or even the next measure of music; an entire one hour lesson can be occupied getting the right hand line in Measure One of the 1st Invention performed to the instructor's satisfaction.
When the objective is clearly not to create a concert pianist but to use the Inventions as a means to an end to better prepare one for organ study, it will not take long for that pupil to see no point in continuing along these lines.
It's like trying to construct the Taj Mahal out of toothpicks.
If you think such a state of affairs could never happen in the real world, then with all due respect you need to rethink it because, the fact is, it HAS.

IN ADDITION piano instructors, like all instructors, are rightly paid for their time; this sets up a financial incentive for this piano instruction of yours to drag along and, unless you put a stop to it before it starts, your dream of organ playing, under these conditions, is very apt to be ground to powder.
Any organist -- no matter how big their name is or how highly respected they happen to be -- who sends potential organ students of theirs down a path like this under the guise of seeing them progress at another instrument under the supervision of another pupil, certainly means well, has their best interests at heart, wishes them no harm, and cannot and should never be blamed or criticized for that -- all they're trying to do is point them in the right direction (and the Bach Inventions are wonderful for study) -- but, the fact of the matter is, in so doing they're leaving the door open for disaster to transpire, viz., the student's interest can be destroyed.
If that were to come to pass, that teacher would unintentionally find themselves the proximate cause of the worst possible outcome.
Strong words perhaps but, from that potential organ student's perspective, it's the plain and ungarnished truth of the matter, no offense to anyone intended.

FACED WITH A CHOICE like this, take it or leave it, you might choose, if you wish, to learn on your own this keyboard repertoire parallel with your organ study and then at a future time return to audition again with this same organist -- learning easier repertoire first, particularly with Bach playing, because of its complexity, is, to be sure, a non-negotiable point -- but you should fight to your last breath against any influence, no matter how trusted, innocuous, or benevolent it may seem to be, that attempts to redirect you along lines that deviate from the straightest path that leads to realizing that dream of yours.
Organ majors making a parallel study of piano in college are sometimes told by their piano teacher that they'd like to see them stop playing the organ for about a year so they can just work with them with their hands at the piano; here again, the premise may be good, but when the student must already be able to play major organ repertoire in order to be accepted into the program, it's safe to say that most organ professors at that same school would never stand for this.
Being victorious means guarding that dream of yours above all, with everything you've got, even if it means sending someone else's prescription-for-your-instruction packing to save it alive; whether it's organ playing or anything else you've got in mind, refuse to let any doubt-merchant disguised as a teacher sell you his wares if it would mean mortgaging away your dream to pay for it.
I wouldn't let that get into my body.
Doubt has killed more dreams than failure ever will.

NEVER GIVE UP -- no matter how many times you may have experienced rejection, no matter what kind of academic or musical background you come from, no matter how poorly versed in the liberal arts and sciences you may think you are, no matter how bad or non-existent your past track record in school may happen to be, no matter how late a start with it in life you may be getting, no matter who's making you think you're wasting your time, no matter who's been indifferent toward your work in the past or who may be indifferent to it today, no matter how many times you find something in your work that may have been overlooked by mistake and begs to be improved or fixed.
That doesn't mean that your work isn't any good, that your efforts aren't producing any results, or that your tree of progress is barren, but quite the opposite; it means that you're getting somewhere with it, that you're bearing fruit, that you're growing in the knowledge and skills needed to correct your own self.
It means that you're heading straight for that dream of yours.

BEING IN POSSESSION of a university education in music is a wonderful privilege to have, one that opens many doors, but let's say you've always wished you could write a song or some other musical piece of your own; you've got the interest, you're wanting to learn, but you never took any courses in the subject and have no certificate, no diploma, no degree or any kind in music.
Well, so what -- neither did J.S. Bach.
But, you say to yourself, "By lacking the academic credentials, I can't get the attention of my audience -- no matter how hard I work at it, almost no one else besides me will show the least interest in what I might write or ever take a stab at playing it."
Again, so what -- just about no one else showed Bach or his music the kind of interest either one deserved either while he was alive -- both he AND his music in fact were unfairly and undeservedly criticized.
But then you say to yourself, "The hardships I had to endure when I was a child gave me a poor start, and it's hard to see how I can get anywhere with it now."
Once again, so what -- Bach was orphaned at the age of 10.
Did any of this hinder him? No.
The difference is, he kept his dream alive by grabbing doubt around the neck, so to speak, with both hands and showing it the front door.
This allowed inspiration to enter by the back door -- escorted by hard work on the one side and determination on the other.
Young Sebastian Bach was determined to pursue his dream of being a proficient work-a-day musician (which meant, in his day performer/composer/improvisor, all three) in spite of hardships, heartache, disappointments, unexpected setbacks, undeserved criticism, and the need for unrelenting, persistent effort on his part, a little bit at a time; his unrelenting determination and persistence to get there made all the difference in realizing his dream.
He refused to surrender to conditions; he believed that everything must be possible, would never hear of anything being unfeasible, and he simply refused to give up.
He is quoted as saying, "Ceaseless work, analysis, reflection, writing much, endless self-correction -- that is my secret."
We can all take a page from him.

HIS MIND was a sponge -- he kept training himself to be better today than he was the day before -- he kept performing and studying the work of earlier and contemporary composers, he absorbed everything of value and substance which they created and came before him, even to copying many pages by hand with quill and ink, note by laborious note, often by candlelight -- he kept practicing -- he kept composing, producing, creating -- he was ferociously determined to realize whatever potential he was given in his creative work and get it before the public whenever he could for the glory of God and the benefit of his fellow man.
He created original music which employed only existing forms, remained well inside the tonal fences of triadic harmony, and he demanded the same of anyone who studied with him.
In so doing, he didn't "think outside the box" -- outside the box there's nothing but a vacuum, nothing to interact with, nothing to work against -- there's no rules there to observe, bend, or break like an artist -- nothing to elaborate upon, no place from which to produce a lasting work of art.
Instead his thinking was along the edges of the box; this is where he found the means of production available to get things done, the place where the audience was, the place where he found the nourishing sap to put forth new branches of artistic growth -- the place from which his creative work could carry on and make an impact.

HIS HABIT of deciding definitely and firmly to labor to get somewhere, his determination to erase all uncertainty and hesitation from his mind, and his impulsion to maximize the musical gifts he was given had several by-products, among which were 1) a sheer mastery of the techniques of composition which has never been equalled, 2) 50 years of white hot creativity, 3) some of the most monumental works of art the human mind has ever produced ... AND, because he had been down every blind alley and dead end on his way to achieving that mastery, it turned him into 4) a particularly good teacher -- scholars from all over the academic world came to study with him.
When we want results there's sacrifice involved, striving involved, a plan involved, and patience and kindness with ourselves involved.
When young Sebastian Bach wanted to learn those Pachelbel fugues and chorale preludes he found out about from his older brother, that's how he had to do it [See blog, How To Learn A Fugue].
That struggle yielded its own rewards -- it turned him into the greatest fugue-writer this world has ever seen.

FIND OUT what sets your own work apart and makes your own voice different and unique among thousands of other voices in the organ world, then follow that.
Make it your business, like young Sebastian Bach did, to know and understand what came before you and how it was put together; learn from what others have already built, how they built it, how all of its moving parts functioned and what made it work.
Familiarize yourself with the dimensions of that box, what's inside it, and where its edges are.
In the end, there are no losers; there are only winners, some of whom take a little longer to develop, some maybe not as long.

LET'S SAY FURTHER that you're beginning to write your own music now, and it's become your ardent desire that these pieces of yours be put to good use by others -- either in worship services, recitals, fraternal work and ceremonies, or perhaps for instruction.
Virtually no one in this present world besides composers and their dedicatees can be expected to show an interest in their music without demonstrating that it's worthy of one's time and attention -- today this means, if their strength will permit it, having to learn it themselves, then recording it, getting it on the internet to reach the widest audience, and performing it publicly whenever they are able.
While this requires a sacrifice of time and effort, a disciplined approach, and a certain amount of physical stamina and wellness, see that this does not lead to desperation; take your time and do what you can, as you can do it.

IF IT'S BEEN your experience to have produced a written piece for the organ having enduring works for models which has been well crafted on the sane and solid principles of the past, and you're well satisfied for good and sufficient reasons that it represents some of your best work, and let's say you've submitted it in a composition contest and received no recognition at all for it after learning that some strange-sounding, ugly new piece of music of vague tonality and unidentifiable form having no musical rhyme or reason was awarded a prize, this does not mean that your work is inferior in any respect.
History is rife with examples, both in and out of the music business, which show that the bestowing of awards and prizes for artistic achievement is a slippery slope which too often ignores some of the finest artistic work created by some of the most talented and deserving people.
A work created from far outside the box, if it happens to be what a certain panel of judges wants to see, may create a hit with them and win a prize but will not produce a lasting work of art.
If your writing is never award-winning, know that you're in the best of company; none of J.S. Bach's writing ever did, either; his music was even ridiculed during his lifetime as being old-fashioned, pedantic, and unnecessarily burdened with art.
Three centuries later musicians are still admiring, interrogating, studying, and marveling at the masterful counterpoint of Bach while a boat load of the kind of music lauded by his critics has passed into oblivion and will stay there.

IF AND WHEN some publishing firm expresses an interest in including one or more of your compositions in its catalog, be on guard not to sign any "standard contract" it offers to you that's only 3 sentences long guaranteeing the firm ownership of your composition and copyright when in return you're being offered no advance, no say in how your work will be marketed, no guarantee of sales, pitiful royalties, no provision for payment of same in the event of your demise, no provision for what happens to your music if the firm ever closes, and only a promise that your work will make it into their online catalog at some future date.
An agreement like this makes a poor excuse for a contract, as it protects only the firm's interests and amounts to nothing more than a release form that's definitely not in the best interests of either your music, your legal heirs, or yourself; it's merely a form of legal means used to exploit creative artists for profit by preying upon any desperation they may have to see their work published.
Such a publisher, if ever encountered, would not be too hard to identify; this is the type of firm that would tend to keep a composer waiting 10 months for any communication about submissions and then expect its "standard contract" release form, as described above, returned to it within 10 days.
If any firm would be so afraid of taking a chance on publishing the work of an emerging composer that they can't offer anything better than this, take it or leave it, then it's better to leave it and publish your work yourself -- and any firm which withdraws a non-offer like this within the time frame it expects would be doing that composer a favor; at least that composer will still own the work, its copyright, and the freedom to do with it as he or she wishes.

IF WE MANAGE to suffer some setback with our health that takes us away from the instrument for several weeks or months and we discover some strange gaps in our memory when we're trying to play a piece that we used to know by heart, or maybe something seems to be missing with our technique, bear in mind that we haven't lost anything.
It's still in our brain, it's just a matter of access, and with a little practice it will return to our neuromuscular system.
A setback like this is nothing more than a set-up for a comeback; I'm living proof of that.
Pick yourself up and start walking yourself through it again.
Take small steps at a time, even if you have to limp.
That's better than giving up.
If you give up, then in time ... trust me ... deep down inside you'll only feel restless and quite possibly disgusted and unhappy about it.
Don't wait until you're feeling better to create.
Create and you'll start feeling better.
Start anywhere.

WHERE OUR LIVES are now may someday change, and the wisest knows not how soon -- if one day you find that the effects of serious illness, multiple surgeries, or the side effects of medicines or radiation or other medical treatments have robbed you of a good bit of your former energy and stamina, maybe now you're sick to your stomach most of the time, maybe also find no enjoyment in eating, and you just don't feel well enough or have the strength to concentrate on learning any new music, though you would very much like to -- or maybe you've reached a stage where you're feeling the effects of advanced age or maybe suffering from chronic fatigue, often too tired to practice every day, and it's all you can do just to keep up to speed the music you already know -- and if a zone like this should be where your life now is -- then it's better to stay focused even on the tiniest of goals, stay quiet about them, smash them to bits, clap for your Self, and repeat.

SO FAR as we're able to choose, it's still better to take the bull by the horns and give it a go.
It's far better to be down in the arena getting stomped by the bull than to be up in the stands or out in the parking lot always wishing and never succeeding.
Talk with your health care provider about it; there may be medicine you can take to get yourself feeling better; even if we get to a physical stage where we can't sit on the bench and play at all any more, we still have our most important investment intact -- our mind.
We can still use that mind of ours to contribute to the general good -- we can still write about, teach, and share what we've learned with others; in this day and age we can reach people this way as far as the internet can reach -- which is the entire world; we can be the kind of example that inspires the new organist; we can even try our hand at composing, if we haven't already -- at our own pace, and in our own time.
Five major collections of contemporary organ compositions and a successful conceptual learning blog were created precisely this way.
Can it be said that the world is a worse place for it? ... hardly.

WE HAVE this choice -- we can either 1) forfeit our dream in toto, write it off, and be discontent and restless, if not miserable, for the rest of our lives dealing with a big hole inside us from now on that nothing else can ever fill -- OR -- we can 2) continue to feed our love for this art, be happy and thankful for the privileges and learning that's been ours to enjoy, and share some of that same joy and knowledge with others.
An innumerable company of people have made a tremendous difference in this world by carrying on and refusing to let conditions keep them in restraints.

WHAT SPARKS a light inside you to be drawn to the organ, no matter how little talent you may think you have, connects you with those precious souls from history who were and still are the masters of the most stupendous, the most wonderful musical instrument ever fashioned by the hand of man; this interest of yours that seems to be lacking in others wasn't planted in you by mere chance for your own amusement but to spur you forward to grow in a direction which, ultimately, will have effects to relieve, benefit, edify, strengthen, and heal the people around you in a broken world, to draw them to thoughts of God and higher things [See menu bar, Bio, Nature's God].
It connects you with organ music -- something that can unite people in the face of tragedy -- because it's about power, love, and purpose, three things our broken world desperately needs.
For those who have considered it carefully, thoroughly, and thoughtfully, there is indeed a God [See menu bar, Bio, The Reality of God], and there are pastoral dimensions to what you're doing at those organ keys.
Organists know that theirs is a unique ministry, one that God uses, through them, to bring people closer to the reality of His presence in their lives.
The inner joy and peace you feel through your faith will be reflected in your music-making.

I TELL YOU the truth: our job in this lifetime isn't to shape ourselves into some ideal we imagine ourselves to be but to find out what we already are, and become it.
We don't come into this world as some passive generic blob waiting for the world to stamp its imprint on us -- no, we show up here with a specific personal destiny, a job to do, a calling to enact, a Self to become.
If we were born to be able to play something, anything, at an organ or piano, no matter how simple, or we have a desire to do so that won't seem to go away, then it's part of our job while we're here to grow in that direction to the best of our ability and get down to business.
Don't let the idea overwhelm you, and don't be afraid of it.
Always proceed at your own pace, focusing on those things that interest you the most, and don't expect results overnight.
This is a progressive science.

AT TIMES a student studying with a teacher may get to feeling like some difficult passage in that piece of repertoire they've been assigned seems to be threatening their boat with capsizing in a rapids as they proceed to practice it at concert tempo.
If you ever get to feeling this way, remember that it isn't a rapids at all ... it's just a pasture, with a bunch of little sheep in it lying down and snoozing.
All you need are the right tools.
Slow it down, learn it in smaller fragments, and only then put it together and speed it up.

IF YOU DISCOVER that you've been doing things wrongly for a long time and have to learn several new things that aren't as familiar to get it corrected, be on guard that you don't work so hard at it that you'll put it off.
The last thing you want is for your mind to get caught in this mixmaster of all kinds of things to where you're working too hard at it, getting nowhere, maybe making some of your own hurdles, and not enjoying it.
It's important to enjoy.

IT'S A GOOD IDEA to start practice with a little warm-up; you might force yourself to sight read an unfamiliar but simple passage on 2 staves and improvise something at the start of practice, no matter how short, trite, or what key it's in; it doesn't matter what the result sounds like or how dull it is; get used to inventing little melodies in your head, play them in your right hand with soft stops, and invent a bass line in your left hand to go with them; try this in different keys; after this, you might try adding a 3rd voice in the alto or tenor to fill out a chordal harmony.
Don't underestimate the benefits of doing this; it's how all organ playing started, long before there was any written notation; in those very early days there was no repertoire to learn, no literature to study; everything was created on the spot, just a single moving line over a drone bass.
Do as those early pioneers did; begin at the beginning and don't be afraid to fail.
Analyze your bench placement and position; experiment and work with it a little; get yourself a pair of shoes that works in gear with that, and heed the advice about it you find on this blog.
You may be surprised to learn how much easier things become, when all of this is in balance.

FAILURE is a massive part of being able to be successful; there's definitely a silver lining in these moments of disappointment.
You should not only get comfortable with failure but even welcome it and seek it because that's where all of the most important lessons to be learned are; we actually want our repetitive practice to take us to the point of failure because, just like learning to walk by falling down or working out at the gym and pushing our muscles to the point where we get to failure, that's where the adaptation and growth is.
Practice is controlled failure.
Successful people have pushed themselves to live at the edge of their capabilities; they've extracted the lessons from any little failures that have come their way and have used the energy and wisdom to come around to their next phase of success.
By living where you're almost certain to fall short of some goal with practicing, it helps you to recognize the areas where you need to evolve.
Some of the very best advice any of us can receive is to fail early, fail often, and fail forward.

WHEN YOU'RE IMPROVISING you can't make a mistake.
The music, every note of it, no matter if it's an unintended dissonance that creeps in, is yours to work into the musical fabric any way you want.
You can in fact keep repeating that same dissonance each time, which will make it sound like the mistake was intentional from the beginning.
Only you will know the difference.
Learning to improvise as a beginner is like learning to walk as a toddler; we don't learn it by following rules; we learn it by doing, by falling down and getting up again.
Funny how nothing seems to stop a toddler from trying to walk.
The difference is, they're not afraid; they don't pay heed to the negative, repelling force they feel that's ever ready to tell them not to risk trying anything new, the same influence with no conscience that arises from within, reasons with an adult like a lawyer, and keeps telling them they've never done it before so they won't be any good at it, the same enemy of creativity and engine of destruction that's only interested in its own selfish sense of short-term safety whose aim is not just to keep us from realizing our creative dream, but to kill it.
This second you can master it; this second you can turn the tables on it ... by denying it the fear that fuels it and just sitting down and doing your work.

READ THE BOOK ("The War Of Art" by Steven Pressfield); it will change your life [See blog, The Book].

IF YOU'RE COMPOSING or getting yourself set up to learn how, then read everything you can get your hands on about harmony, counterpoint, voice leading, form, canon, and fugue.
If you're worried about the rule book standing poised ready to crush you in an instant if you try anything original, then consider the scores of the bold, rule-breaking c minor Op. 11 double Fugue, the A Major Op. 13 "jig" Fugue, the D Major Op. 18 Fugue, and the d minor Op. 22 Postlude; read about how they were put together [See blog, Getting Started With Writing, Parts VI, VIII, XIV, XXVII]; these are prime examples of how to find your own voice in an increasingly crowded world of composers.
Learn the rules of part writing and fugue writing [See blog, Getting Started With Writing, Part XX] not only so your own writing will sound smooth and schooled but that you'll know where and when to break those rules like an artist if the situation suggests it.
Life improves dramatically when someone decides to break the rules and finds beauty where they were told, or where they believed, there was none.
Look for something unexpected to do in every piece.
Don't kill your audience with surprises ... but think about surprising them maybe a little bit to push the boundaries of your art.

THERE'S NOTHING WRONG in principle with going back through an earlier work and reworking it, making any refinements that you deem necessary; some of the greatest composers in history have gone back and reworked music that they composed decades earlier; creative artists have every right to reshape something they've created out of nothing as they see fit, for any purpose they see fit, any time they see fit, to hone it around, do some different things with it, and add in new changes.
If we're not careful with this however we can get endlessly stuck in the editing process [See blog, The Book, Part I, Procrastination, Parts I-II].
Once we've learned the rules and know what to avoid, and we've passed through a few drafts of an earlier work, it may be advisable to cease polishing what already has good architecture, is imaginative, sounds satisfying to the ear, and moves the listener because, by then, it may very well be that no further improvements are advisable or even possible.
The chase after perfection becomes at some point an illusory effect -- a mirage.

YOU DON'T HAVE TO start creating something right off the bat in order to wade into organ playing at your own pace and enjoy it.
The majority of people who love and play this instrument are consumers of music, not creators; at least, they don't act like it.
Most people don't even know what to create because they're stuck if they can't envision themselves creating the next Michelangelo masterpiece.
Perfectionism is the art-killer.
Strive for excellence, not perfection.
An unknown author once said, "Excellence can be attained if you: care more than others think is wise; risk more than others think is safe; dream more than others think is practical; expect more than others think is possible."
If you're performing repertoire, then learn to laugh at perfection and just keep playing.
We all make little errors at times.
At times we're excessively tired, we're not feeling our best, we just haven't practiced in a while, or maybe our concentration lapses for a brief moment.
We all have moments like this.
Our Maker, the One Who gave you the desire and ability to play, doesn't care about the outcome of some wretched audition; He has a higher purpose for you in mind.
All you're trying to do is make some beautiful music; no one's life is at stake if you sense that some blemish or imperfection has crept into your playing; accept the fact that you're human, don't flinch, and just keep going.
Don't think ahead, just stay with the present moment; the present moment will save you.

IF YOU BEGIN to feel scared about taking your first few creative steps at improvising or composing, or maybe taking your performing of repertoire to the next level, and you feel the winds of fear blowing from some direction, and you want a positive outcome, then don't run and hide from it.
Instead, know that you're on to something and head directly into it.
Fear is an indicator that love is present.
If there were no love there, there would be no sense of fear.

THERE ARE ONLY 12 notes in an octave, but those same 12 notes have limitless combinations and can keep us fascinated for a lifetime.
It's a never ending quest to learn new repertoire ... we can never get through everything we'd like to get through.
Just about the time that we overcome one challenge the second one is right around the corner ... just when we think we've got it all figured out, we DON'T have it all figured out.
Realize that this can be perplexing at times, for all of us, but it stretches our mind and body and soul in ways that we could never imagine.
What we walk into today provides new opportunities to learn new things, think new thoughts, and to feel new feelings.
It's a tremendous gift to be able to do that.

WHEN PRACTICING MUSIC you don't know, break it down so you can be successful; if it's a fugue, it demands a special way of practicing [See blog, How To Learn A Fugue]; try focusing on just one new piece at a time, divide it into fragments, and tackle these fragments in order, maybe one new page at a time every 3rd or 4th day; find the best fingering and pedalling and develop fluency with that page before moving on.
Keep practicing that same page until you either feel fatigued or can play it at close to concert tempo without mistakes.
Make your practicing deliberate, systematic, and concentrated like this, with focus and purpose, not the kind of mindless fiddling around that tempts all of us but wastes valuable time.
Love what you're doing, have your heart and soul in it, and be committed to it.

DON'T HAVE A SPEC (specification) on how much remedial work you think you need or how much time every day you think you need to be at the piano or organ.
Just take what can be taken, and go from there.
Burdening your mind down like this with concerns about the clock isn't important.
Having a clear mind for the work is very important.
Set realistic goals for yourself, take pride in what you can do, and be grateful for the time you have with it.
Some have no time at all, and it isn't always because of their own choosing.
There are some major talents working in big places who have some days where they have so much administrative work that they don't make it to the bench ... or maybe they're too exhausted mentally to make it to the bench.

KEEP IN MIND that a rose is still a rose whether it's in full bloom, a bud, a fragile plumule, or a seed -- and while it may undergo many disguises along the way, at each phase of its development it's still a rose and perfectly all right, as it is.
All around us we seem to find incredible talents in full bloom, many of whom have sacrificed their entire lives for this art; we're apt to find in them a powerhouse of technique, a sensitive interpreter, a brilliant arranger, an improvisor of genius, an inspired composer, or perhaps any combination of the above -- and we tend to gravitate toward them along with a host of other admirers and fans; but then, the insidious and inevitable happens:
We get to thinking, "If only I could play like that -- if only I could improvise like that -- if only I could compose like that -- if only I could arrange like that -- I couldn't be one-tenth the musician they are -- I'll NEVER get to that point."
No one seems to be immune to this cross comparing; there isn't a human being alive who doesn't at times indulge in it, but all it does is drain us; we do not benefit from it; we do not grow from it.
It just makes us think, "If only this or that didn't happen ... if I were this, if I were that ... here's where I'd be."
You should learn to avoid this kind of thinking like the plague.
I wouldn't let THAT get into my body, either.
Never is a long time.
Instead, keep your mind on yourself; concentrate on your own things, your own level of skills, and caution yourself against falling into the habit of cross comparing yourself with your teacher, another student, or some other organist you greatly respect and admire.
Cross comparing is stealthy; it creeps into our thinking almost before we know it like a thief in the night, and, if we allow it, it can rob us of confidence in our progress; it takes us nowhere, and it's demoralizing -- a drain on real productivity.
No rose compares itself with any other rose but goes about its business never doubting itself, leaving itself room to grow at its own; therefore focus on your own skills and give yourself room to grow at YOUR own; compare yourself only TO YOURSELF -- to what you could do yesterday.

IF ANYONE calling themselves a musician ever asks you in front of a group of people to grade yourself as an organist, i.e. to ask you how you would characterize your own playing, whether you think it's good, average, or whatever -- this is not a question about your level of competence; it's an inquiry about your self-perception of competence, which are two different things [See blog, Dunning-Kruger Effect].
It's never up to artist musicians to judge, and it isn't their place to say, whether they think their work is good or not; that's for others to decide.
The best response you can give therefore is to offer this unfortunate soul your teacher's contact information so that this same question can be put to your teacher; this isn't ducking the question at all but, quite to the contrary, it's where the nuts and bolts of this information will lie, if they're truly interested in getting at it; a really good teacher might know a pupil better than the pupil does, and, just like you can see things in others that they may not be seeing in themselves, a good teacher will have seen some things in you that perhaps you aren't seeing.
It's plain enough however for ANYONE to see that someone bold enough to ask such a rude and irrelevant question is an armchair expert who already has their mind made up about you when, the fact of the matter is, they're more than likely 1) stuck on the hump nicknamed "Mount Stupid" in the Dunning-Kruger curve, 2) falsely convinced that they've been fully exposed to the subject, 3) don't have a clue about all the moving parts involved with organ playing, and 4) only THINK they know YOU.
A real musician will always be complimentary to another -- a lifter -- offering an encouraging word at all times, and would never be critical of or think of propounding a question like this to one of his fellows, even in private.
Criticism of one's fellows, in this field, is the death gargle of the non-achiever.
If anyone can't agree with you about this, they either haven't studied it, thought about it enough, or haven't encountered it yet.

IF YOU HAPPEN to be struggling with accuracy in some passage of repertoire, bear this in mind:
We play for accuracy, of course, but not primarily; organ playing is many more things than that.
Accuracy will come to you.
It's like a cat -- if you call your cat, it disappears; if you don't call it, it's right there.
It comes and visits you if you leave it alone; when you want it, it's harder to attain, and it hides from you.
So, don't reach for it; let accuracy come to you.
Learn about spontaneity and believe in it.
Now matter how long you've been working at playing a piece, no matter how much you've practiced or recorded it, each time you play it there will be a difference.
So, don't try to play it "perfectly" ... just play it.
Just keep playing, carve a few minutes every day out of your schedule to be able to sit on that bench, slow things down and concentrate, and just let go of that "perfection thing."

THINK ABOUT IT my friends: If He can take a lump of coal and make it into a diamond -- if He can take a grain of sand and make it into a pearl -- if He can take a worm and make it into a butterfly -- then our Maker can take any obstacle standing in the way, turn it into a door, and open it; He glories in taking something common and plain and turning it into something uncommon and distinctive, something that has its own special characteristics.
He brings all of us through the same wilderness of study and mundane practice -- partly to train us, partly to prune our unbelief in ourselves; and, once He's done making Moses, He's done with that and moves on -- to Joshua; He doesn't try to remake Moses all over again.
There are similarities among us, of course -- we learn similar skills so we can perform similar tasks -- we may study and perform the same things to learn the same lessons -- but it's His plan for each of us to have our own unique destiny, to find our own voice, to develop our own style -- which is why we shouldn't try to be a copycat of anyone else.
The other person doesn't have your gifts -- they can only focus on their own.
When we notice the success of a fine player in the here and now, we find them nearing the end of their own finish line and tend to become envious of them; we want to do things exactly as they do; what we don't see is the struggle, the work, the pain and sacrifice focusing on their own gifts all along the way that got them where they are today.
Our own gifts are unlike the next person's and have been specially arranged and placed inside us in a way that makes us fully loaded for the unique destiny that our Maker has in mind for us.
We organists don't have to be a brilliant performer, a brilliant arranger, a brilliant composer, or a brilliant improvisor in order for God to use us, i.e. the gifts he put inside us such as they are, in a great way.
We just need to keep applying ourselves, as we are doing.
Consistent work combined with our passion for the instrument and music will bring its rewards.

CONSIDER THESE THINGS, my friends, and follow through with them -- dare to step outside the campfire glow -- dare to take a leap for the rim of the bucket -- dare to go down that trail that scares you.
Simply make up your mind to sit down and work with it, give it a chance, put doubt and unbelief on the shelf for what it is, tell yourself you're going to have a new adventure, stop being afraid to try, and watch what happens: when we do this, our thinking is spurred on -- creativity is stirred -- the intellect and emotions are animated and enlivened -- hidden skills that we never knew were there begin to emerge -- ideas come to us, as if by magic -- and insights begin to accrete.
As Picasso has said -- "inspiration comes, but it has to find us working."

This web site is a comprehensive resource -- a literal storehouse of materials, information, and encouragement, the product of a lifetime of instruction, experience, coaching, personal discoveries, and much more.  Those who wish to make a serious study of organ playing are seeking to connect themselves with a life-long work in progress in which nothing is unimportant.  Every detail about it needs to be understood and clearly and fully explained to the student.  The sheer size and scope of this web site reflects that and therefore should not surprise, intimidate, dissuade, or confound visitors.  Nothing about a comprehensive tutorial like this is verbose which proposes to teach this subject to those eager to learn it.


Once again, thanks so much for visiting

and please feel free to return as often as you like to "shop the storehouse."

This blog is for you. 🙂❤👍

A special message for church musicians:

There isn't an organist on the face of this earth who hasn't been tempted to wonder at times if their music making has been more inconsequential to others than not, but, the fact of the matter is, no act of service is too small to escape the Saviour's notice.  We may be tempted to think that ours has been partly a lost cause, that the set of skills we've spent our lives developing which have cost us so much in terms of time, hard work, and expense to develop haven't been appreciated enough, or that our efforts have largely come to naught.  It can leave us wondering (especially if we're a diplomate with an advanced degree, certificated, or published) whether all we've sacrificed to get where we are has had more aesthetic value to ourselves than a benefit to others. 

Do not be deceived about this.  We may fail to receive much positive feedback week to week, no one may express a clue about what it takes to do our job and do it well, and our pay may not reflect it, but make no mistake -- those who hear us perform never fail to leave the building the better for it.  Our specialized ministry is part of a mission which has driven back the powers of darkness and error, developed the consciences of people, and led many to deal with the sin issue in their lives and experience forgiveness, true peace, and a personal relationship with their Creator.  All the gold in the United States Treasury cannot match what this is worth.

Don't forget to be kind and forgiving of yourself.  You're human.  Don't beat yourself up for making a kid's mistake once in a while.  It happens.  Some days we're at the top of our game and don't always show it.  No material was wasted, no damage was done, no money was lost, no harm came to anyone, but you're still disappointed in your performance.  That's because you're conscientious.  That's because you care.  Just leave it behind, keep at it, give yourself a pat on the back for giving it a go, and carry on.

  Bottom line:  as organists we need to remain consciously aware of the special place we occupy in the Plan of God, to be grateful for the time we do have with this wonder machine of which we're called to be its masters, to take advantage of every opportunity to grow and develop in this our uncommon calling, to keep filling the world with beautiful and inspiring music, to remain doggedly determined to stick with it, to make changes in our employment situation if we must and expand our outreach to other denominations or worship centers, perhaps do some teaching, maybe even take on an unrelated job part-time, if necessary, to pay the bills,

but, whatever comes, we should

never ever, repeat NEVER, give up playing.

No one should EVER give up any worthwhile pursuit that they can't go one day without thinking about. 

We hope this web site has been a blessing to you,

Dr. Steven C. Monrotus